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Aging men undergo hormone changes leading changes in sexual function, physical features and quality of life, called male menopause or andropause.

The changes are due to progressive decline in testosterone production.

Common symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Reduced muscle mass
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Loss of libido


  • 30% of men between the age of 60-70
  • 70% of men 70-80 years of age have low testosterone levels.


Hormone replacement

Testosterone replacement can be through

  • Pills
  • Gel
  • Injection
  • Patch

Testosterone replacement is not advised in male with prostate cancer and cardiovascular disorder.


  • Stop smoking
  • Reduce weight
  • Regular exercise
  • Control of blood pressure
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